Place a wok or large frying pan over medium heat and add the vegetable oil. When the oil is hot, add the garlic and chiles and stir-fry until fragrant, 3 to 4 minutes. Add the pork belly and stir-fry until the fat is translucent, about 3 minutes.
Tilt the wok to pour off all but 1 to 2 tablespoons of the fat. Add the leeks and stir-fry until tender, about 3 minutes.
Add the sugar and stir-fry for 1 minute more. Stir in the soy sauce and serve immediately.
Reprinted with permission from Root-to-Stalk Cooking: The Art of Using the Whole Vegetable, by Tara Duggan, copyright 2013. Published by Ten Speed Press, a division of Random House, Inc.
"In order for it to grow around the world, it needs to be bred by plant breeders down to lower altitude," says journalist Lisa Hamilton. "The trouble is that those seeds -- that genetic diversity -- are owned by the people of the Andes."